MASS DISTRIBUTION OF EARTH LANDFORMS DETERMINED BY ASPECTS OF THE GEOPOTENTIAL AS COMPUTED FROM THE GLOBAL GRAVITY FIELD MODEL EGM 2008
Correlations of large-scale landform patterns with some aspects of the geopotential as computed from the global gravity field model EGM 2008, particularly the radial second derivatives of the disturbing gravitational potential Γ33, the strike angle θS and virtual deformations of the ellipse of deformation, are demonstrated. Selected regions with documentation of aspects from EGM 2008 are the Nepal Himalaya and its neighbouring areas, the collision zone of East-Asian and West-Pacific lithospheric plates, the contact region of north-eastern Africa, south-western Asia and south-eastern Europe, morphotectonic contact between the Bohemian Massif, Eastern Alps and the Western Carpathians in Central Europe and regions of ancient rapid events indicated by relics of large impact craters Vredefort, Chicxulub and Popigai. It is suggested that landform patterns with very conspicuous combinations of significantly high positive or negative values of Γ33 are under the strong influence of rapid and/or intensive geomorphic processes. These geophysical signatures supported by values of the strike angle θS and virtual dilatations or compressions of the ellipse of deformation reflect the regional dynamics of Earth surface evolution as characterised by a very effective integration of tectonic and climate-driven morphogenetic processes.