THE EFFECT OF RURAL ROAD TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE ON SMALLHOLDER FARMERS’ AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY IN HORRO GUDURU WOLLEGA ZONE, WESTERN ETHIOPIA

  • Sileshi Tamene Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
  • Tebarek Lika Megento Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
Keywords: rural road, agricultural productivity, smallholder, Horro Guduru

Abstract

This study was carried out to examine access to rural road infrastructure and its effects on smallholder farmers’ agricultural productivity in
Horro Guduru Wollega Zone, Western Ethiopia. A three stage random sampling technique was employed to select 500 farming households
in the study area and data was collected on their socio-economic and farm specific characteristics. The collected data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and stepwise multiple regression analysis. The result of multiple regression model used revealed that distance to major
market is important in predicting agricultural productivity of smallholder farmers at 5% levels of probability in Abe Dongoro, Amuru and Hababo Guduru districts. Ownership of intermediate means of transport was also found to influence agricultural productivity in Horro, Amuru and Hababo Guduru districts (p = 0.05). Further analysis of the regression model showed a significant negative correlation between
distance to nearest all weather roads and distance to zonal head quarter on one hand and agricultural productivity on the other hand in Abe
Dongoro, Hababo Guduru and Amuru districts. Rural kebeles of Abe Dongoro and Amuru districts which has vast agricultural potential were
found to be the most inaccessible in Horro Guduru Wollega Zone. It is therefore suggested that interventions in the transport sector should
include provision of rural roads as well as measures that will help improve vehicle supply in rural areas. An attempt has to be done also to
increase the use of intermediate means of transport to ease agricultural inputs and outputs mobility and farm access.

Published
2017-04-19
How to Cite
Tamene, S., & Megento, T. (2017). THE EFFECT OF RURAL ROAD TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE ON SMALLHOLDER FARMERS’ AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY IN HORRO GUDURU WOLLEGA ZONE, WESTERN ETHIOPIA. AUC Geographica, 52(1), 89-99. https://doi.org/10.14712/23361980.2017.7
Section
Original Articles