DISCLOSURE OF HISTORICAL SPATIAL AND STATISTICAL DATA OF DISTRICTS IN CZECHIA IN A GIS ENVIRONMENT

  • Lucie Kupková Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Science, Department of Applied Geoinformatics and Cartography, Czech Republic
  • Martin Ouředníček Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Science, Department of Social Geography and Regional Development, Urban and Regional Laboratory, Czech Republic
  • Lucie Pospíšilová Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Science, Department of Social Geography and Regional Development, Urban and Regional Laboratory, Czech Republic
  • Peter Svoboda Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Science, Department of Social Geography and Regional Development, Urban and Regional Laboratory, Czech Republic
  • Matěj Soukup Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Science, Department of Applied Geoinformatics and Cartography, Czech Republic; Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Science, Department of Social Geography and Regional Development, Urban and Regional Laboratory, Czech Republic
Keywords: administrative borders; historical GIS; districts; Czechia; historical cartography

Abstract

This article presents a methodology for the creation and reconstruction of historical borders of chosen spatial units, especially political and judicial districts in Czechia for the specific years of population censuses within a GIS environment. Since an ethnic, language, demographic, social and cultural composition of a population is one of the main features of national and regional identity, the main objective of the article is to introduce a new method for the creation of spatial-statistical databases which will make these historical data sources accessible to both experts and the public for general use. For this purpose, district borders from 1921, 1930, (1947), 1950, 1961, 1970, 1991, 2001 and 2011, which represent the years of the population censuses in Czechia, were digitized. Our method is based mainly on historical maps, which correspond with the censuses’ statistical datasets. The proposed methodology for the creation of GIS layers (digitalization, geo-referencing,  vectorization, accuracy assessment, and spatial identification), their connection with censuses’ statistical data (creation of spatial codes), metadata creation, and web publication is described in this article along with examples of some of the difficulties encountered during the process. We also bring attention to several case studies of problematic areas where the reconstruction of borders was particularly complicated. Finally, spatial and statistical data in the format of ESRI shapefile and ESRI Geodatabase offer possibilities for retrospective analyses of quantitative data to current researchers from a range of scientific disciplines. Files in both formats are publicly available at www.historickygis.cz.

Published
2015-11-29
How to Cite
Kupková, L., Ouředníček, M., Pospíšilová, L., Svoboda, P., & Soukup, M. (2015). DISCLOSURE OF HISTORICAL SPATIAL AND STATISTICAL DATA OF DISTRICTS IN CZECHIA IN A GIS ENVIRONMENT. AUC Geographica, 50(2), 139-151. https://doi.org/10.14712/23361980.2015.93
Section
Original Articles