EVALUATION OF THE SUBSIDENCE BASED ON DINSAR AND GPS MEASUREMENTS NEAR KARVINÁ, CZECH REPUBLIC
The main impacts on the landscape due to coal mining in the Czech part of the Upper Silesian basin are ground subsidence and manmade landscape changes related to the mining. Two measurement techniques were used to determine the values of subsidence; these were then compared together to verify the results obtained. The first, differential SAR interferometry (dInSAR), a remote sensing method, was applied by Gamma Remote Sensing in the frame of ESA GMES Project Terrafirma, using ALOS PALSAR data. The second was the GPS fast static method, which was provided by the Institute of Geonics AS CR. The GPS monitoring was established at a locality near Karviná in 2006. A comparison of the results is described on one subsidence depression created above a panel mined from February 2007 to May 2008. Aspects of the comparison applying to the subsidence measurements are discussed along with the advantages and disadvantages of both methods.